www.letters-and-sounds.com - Free resources for Letters and Sounds
Letters and Sounds?
Letters and Sounds is a phonics
resource published by the Department for Education and
Skills in 2007. It aims to build children's speaking and
listening skills in their own right as well as to prepare
children for learning to read by developing their phonic
knowledge and skills. It sets out a detailed and
systematic programme for teaching phonic skills for
children starting by the age of five, with the aim of them
becoming fluent readers by age seven.
There are six overlapping phases. The table
below is a summary based on the Letters and Sounds guidance for
Practioners and Teachers. For more detailed information, visit
the Letters and Sounds website.
Phonic Knowledge and
Phase One (Nursery/Reception)
Activities are divided into seven
aspects, including environmental sounds,
instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and
rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally
oral blending and segmenting.
Phase Two (Reception) up to 6
Learning 19 letters of the
alphabet and one sound for each. Blending
sounds together to make words. Segmenting words
into their separate sounds. Beginning to read
Phase Three (Reception)
up to 12 weeks
The remaining 7 letters of the
alphabet, one sound for each. Graphemes such as
ch, oo, th representing the remaining phonemes
not covered by single letters. Reading
captions, sentences and questions. On
completion of this phase, children will have
learnt the "simple code", i.e. one grapheme for
each phoneme in the English language.
Phase Four (Reception) 4 to 6
No new grapheme-phoneme
correspondences are taught in this phase.
Children learn to blend and segent longer words
with adjacet consonants, e.g. swim, clap,
Phase Five (Throughout
Now we move on to the "complex
code". Children learn more graphemes for the
phonemes which they already know, plus
different ways of pronouncing the graphemes
they already know.
Phase Six (Throughout
Year 2 and beyond)
Working on spelling, including
prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping